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GITA Verses - Chapter 3 PDF Print E-mail
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GITA Verses
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Chapter 3

Arjun said

How come you, hey Keshava (Krishna)
Want me to follow the karma yoga
When in your thinking (as is comprehended by me)
Gyan yoga is the superior path ||3:1||

My judgment is getting clouded
When I hear you speak of these mixed words
So, tell me that one path
Which can lead me to that higher plane ||3:2||

Shri Bhagavan speaks

Once upon a time in the past
I have told these two paths of devotion
One the path of gyan yoga for the meditative
The other the path of karma yoga for the rest ||3:3||

No person gets to the state of non-working (nishkarma)
Simply by not performing of karma
Neither does any one get to the centering (siddhi)
By merely giving up (tyag) of any karma ||3:4)
(nishkarma = absence of doer-ship)

Never is it possible in any domain of time
For even an instant in the realm of life
That one does not do any karma
For he is forced to act (do karma)
By the attributes (gunas) of nature (prakriti) ||3:5||
(The momentum continues)

He who controls his sense organs
But enjoys the thoughts that wander around
Is simply fooling himself and others
He deserves to be called a hypocrite (mithyacharah) ||3:6||

But, hey Arjuna
The one whose mind has centered
And who can control the longing
Of the sense organs at will (by mana)
Uses the sense organs
He is the real master
He is destined to excel ||3:7||

Hence, do your obligatory (niyatam) karma
Because doing karma is better
Than not doing any karma
Moreover, by not doing any karma
You would not be able to
Sustain even your physical body itself. ||3:8||

Any karma that is not done for yagya
Becomes a binding O Kaunteya (son of Kunti)
Hence, do your karma without
Any attachment and surrendered to Parmatma
(Yagya = karma performed in surrender to Parmatma) ||3:9||

Prajapati Brahma caused creation
Of the praja (all creatures) by this
Surrendered karma of yagya
And said at the time
That this yagya methodology shall
Help you procreate and prosper in life. ||3:10||

You shall use this yagya methodology
To help the prosperity of the Devas
And Devas in return will help in
Your prosperity by the same methods
Thus by mutual surrendered karma
Both shall achieve the ultimate well-being. ||3:11||
(Devas = good souls become devas)

You do surrendered karma (yagya) for the devas
The Devas are happy and
You they bstow upon you
Whatever you would have desired
Without even asking for those things
And now that you have got what
You could have desired
Share it, share it, and share it
Because if you don’t
You are in fact
Kind of stealing it in real sense. ||3:12||

What you got is a gift
What you have shared is shared
What is left is for you
Enjoy it, enjoy it and enjoy it
If you instead cook only for yourself
From what you got in gift
Just to fulfill your desires
It is kind of a sin by itself. ||3:13||

All creatures come from anna (food)
Anna comes from rain (water)
Rain is directly related to yagya
Yagya is the result of karma (nishkam karma) ||3:14||

Know that all karma is born
From the Brahma (Vedas)
And all the Vedas emanate from
The imperishable Parmatma
Thus the Parmatma by default
Is established in every yagya as well. ||3:15||

Hey partha, this is the flow
And you should flow with the current
For if you don’t
And decide to live only for yourself
You shall suffer the consequences
And your life will be wasted
Your living will prove to be one in vain. ||3:16||

But a person who walks (ramana) with the self (atma)
Who is happy with his self (atma)
And is content and satisfied with his own self
Has no duty to comply. ||3:17||

He is not interested in doing any karma
He is not interested in not doing any karma
He has absolutely no attachment to any one
He is happy and content with himself
(karma still flow out of him) ||3:18||

Therefore, you ought to continue doing karma
Continue to work without any attachment
This is the path to the ultimate, the Parmatma
(The ultimate, the Parmatma can be reached
Through Karma yoga this way) ||3:19||

Others, the likes of Janaka
Reached the ultimate this way
By performing of non-attached karma
And you ought to do the same
This also is in the interest of
How the world can be sustained. ||3:20||

The leaders have to lead the way
Others are there to follow
He sets the standards by his deeds
Others follow by example. ||3:21||

Me, o Partha
Have no need to perform any duty
In any three space domains (lokas)
(Three lokas = mritya loka, pitri loka and deva loka)
I have nothing left to attain
Yet, I continue to do non-attached karma
(For I have to lead the way
They will all follow me,
And pay attention to what I do) ||3:22||

Because, hey partha (Arjuna)
If I am not careful
And decide not to do karma
This will lead to big losses
For, most people will follow my path
And not do their karma
(And without any karma
How shall the world progress) ||3:23||

And if I stop doing my karma
(You will stop as well)
Others will stop doing their karma as well
And this will lead to an unprecedented stagnation
Which in turn will cause much confusion
Leading ultimately to confusion of varna system
And destruction of the complete progeny (praja) ||3:24||

So every one should do karma
While ignorant work with attachment
And for fulfillment of personal desires
The wise should work with non-attachment
And for the welfare of the world at large ||3:25||

The wise should never confuse a person
Who is sincerely doing karma
With his attachments and desires.
But, he, the centered wise one
Should always do his karma well
And without attachment
And encourage others to
Engage in similar karma all the way ||3:26||

In reality, however
All karmas in all its forms are
The products of the attributes (gunas)
That arises out of nature (prakriti).
But the ignorant truly are convinced
Because of the effect of their ego (ahankar)
They are the doer of it all. ||3:27||

But hey mahabaho (Arjuna)
Those steady ones that truly understand
The divisions of Karma and that of Gunas (attributes)
Gunas abide in gunas
Understanding thus, the wise ones
Remain always unattached.
(Let it be, let it be, let it be
What is happening, is happening, is happening
Let it be, let it be, let it be)||3:28||

People are working
They are under the influence of
The gunas of the prakriti
(They do not know it)
They are attached,
They should not be disturbed
By the ones who know it fully
They should not be confused
By the ones who have reached the center
(They (the ignorant) have miles to go) ||3:29||

Therefore, hey Arjuna
Be centered in your Atma
Be completely unattached
Become free of emotional fevers
And surrender all your karma to Me (Parmatma)
Without worrying about the results
Get ready to fight the war at hand. ||3:30||

He trusts in me completely
There is no question of any doubts
In what I have said thus far
This person becomes free
From bondage of karma altogether. ||3:31||

But the population that
Finds fault with me
And what my views are
Consider them ignorant
And intoxicated with their
So called knowledge
Consider them lost and
Unaware of what they are doing. ||3:32||

Everyone gets to his own innate nature
That is his inherent potential
That is his swadharma
The wise one also tries to
Do karma according to his swadharma
How can anyone’s opinion
Make a difference in this situation? ||3:33||

The indriyas have potential energy
There is always a momentum
One should know of the ragas and dweshas
That resides in every indriyas
Ready to hijack the person as a whole
And take him away from the
Path that leads to the center
(raga = attachments, dwesha = aversion, jealosy). ||3:34||

Know and follow your swadharma
That is your aptitude
It is always better to even die
Following your own dharma

Following someone else’s path
And dharma is against the
Very personal nature and
Against the very aptitude (swadharma)
And is potentially fraught with fear.
(Fear of the unknown and
The fear of being against one’s nature) ||3:35||

Arjuna says

Hey Krishna: what then
Compels an individual to,
(Not wanting to do anything bad
As if forced by unknown energy)
Commit any sinful deeds. ||3:36

Bhagavan speaks

Of the three basic attributes (gunas)
(Similar to the three basic forces of nature)
Rajoguna is the one, which imparts motion
And is the origin of Kaama, the basic source
For anger or other desires,
This kaama Is the one that
You have to know and master
Because this basic kaama
Is the real root cause of problems
And can be seen as a foe for all human kind. ||3:37||

As the fire is enveloped by smoke,
A mirror is covered by dust and
A membrane covers an embryo
Similar is the situation for an ignorant
Where the wisdom is clouded by
The energy of kaama (anger or desires) ||3:38||

Fire burns and burns
It gets fiery and fierier
As you put food to the fire
(Ghee, butter or wood)
The fire is ever hungry
Its appetite never to be satisfied

Similar is the nature of
The energy of kaama
You must recognize
O son of Kunti
Kaama can never be fulfilled
And that by nature
Is the problem of this basic source kaama
(Of all the anger, jealousy and other desires). ||3:39||

This basic source of greed, desire and anger
That we call Kaama
Has a home in
The indriya, mun (wishing mind) and intellect (buddhi)
And that is what it uses to cover the wisdom
That we so much need and like
But this kaama keeps us busy
At the level of deep desires (moha) ||3:40||

So, Arjuna
You first be the master
Of the sense organs (indriyas) and then
Know the mechanism
By which the kaama works
That is the way to win over
The kaama energy, which is
The enemy of all kind of real knowing
(By simply covering and hiding the real) ||3:41||

The outermost and the closest we know
Is the physical body that we see,
Beyond that is the sense organs (indriyas),
Sill further and beyond is the intellect
And the furthest in one sense
And closest in another is
The center that we call Atma (soul or self)
(That we have yet to really perceive) ||3:42||

So reverse the role
Use your intellect (buddhi)
After knowing the ultimate
Which is minutest of the minute
The Atma, the soul or call it self
Make Buddhi your master and
Control the wishing mind (mun)
Which thereby can destroy the basic source
That we know is kaama. ||3:43||


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